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Author’s Guide

Please read the following instructions carefully for speedy publication of your manuscript in the International Journal of Veterinary Science (IJVS). The Editor-in-Chief reserves the right to reject/return the manuscript if it is not prepared according to the instructions/format of the journal or does not fall within the scope of the IJVS.
International Journal of Veterinary Science ( is bi-monthly (published on 15th of December, February, April, June, August, and October) publication of the Unique Scientific Publishers that publishes original research papers, review articles, clinical articles/case reports and short communications in the field of Veterinary Medicine/Animal Production covering pre-clinical and clinical subjects. The IJVS also aims to publish articles that advance debate on Veterinary Medicine/Animal Production. We are delighted to consider articles for publication from senior professors/scientists, and researchers/students throughout the world.
Only those manuscripts are considered for publication in the IJVS, the contents of which have not been published and are not being considered for publication in any other journal and prepared keeping all the Ethical guidelines suggested by the Committee on Publication Ethics. It is assumed that all named authors agree with the contents and form of the manuscript and are responsible for the validity and originality of data presented in the manuscript.
The contents of the manuscripts published in the IJVS are the opinions of the authors. Consequently, neither the Editor-in-Chief/Editors nor the publisher are responsible for the opinions expressed/deduced or plagiarism committed by the author(s).
These guidelines are developed keeping the standards defined by the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). The management of the IJVS is committed to maintaining a high academic standard. The IJVS is unbiased to any religious, nationality and ideological issue. It is purely a research-based publication. Thus, we are committed to maintaining a high ethical standard and be impartial to anyone. We abide by the code of conduct and international standards as given by the COPE. Any behavior contrary to these ethics including plagiarism is unacceptable; if plagiarism detected at any stage, the manuscript will be removed from our website and the employer of the author(s) will be asked for strict action against such person(s). Thus, it is also the responsibility of the author(s) to ensure that their submitted work does not interfere with any existing copyright.
Author’s responsibilities
Authors should present the manuscript in a logical way. Objectives and significance/novelty of research work carried out must be mentioned before the abstract. If novelty not mentioned manuscript may be processed further. References to the published work for detailed methodology followed must be provided for the reproduction/replication of the experiment. Counterfeit or intentionally erroneous statements constitute unethical behavior that is unacceptable.
Review articles should be objective oriented, comprehensive, and accurate accounts of the state of the art. In research/clinical articles/short communications authors should ensure for the originality of their work. The work and/or words/statements of others used in the manuscript must be acknowledged properly. Plagiarism in any form constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal concurrently constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is intolerable. Authors should not submit redundant publication or/and articles describing basically the same research already published in any journal.
Please note that it is a policy matter that authorship of a manuscript be written carefully at the time of submission as it is considered final for composing/printing. If any addition is required, then all authors must agree to the addition by giving their written consent to the Editor-in-Chief but before acceptance. If any deletion in authorship is required, there must be a solid reason and it should be in the knowledge of all authors including the author being deleted.
The corresponding author should ensure that there is a complete consensus of all co-authors in approving the final version of the paper and each author has contributed sufficiently to the manuscript presented for publication. Such fact should be mentioned in the manuscript under author’s contribution.

Editor’s responsibilities
Editors must evaluate submitted papers/articles only and only based on their academic merit. An editor must not use unpublished information in his/her own research work/paper without written consent of the author(s). Editors should take appropriate/reasonable action when ethical complaints have been lodged concerning a submitted/published manuscript/paper.
Reviewer’s responsibilities
Any manuscript received for review must be treated as confidential document. Privileged information or ideas obtained through peer review must be kept confidential and not used for personal advantage. Reviews should be conducted objectively, and observations should be formulated clearly with supporting arguments, so that authors can use them for the improvement of the manuscript. Any selected reviewer who feels unqualified to review the manuscript or knows that its prompt review will be impossible, should notify the editor and excuse himself from the review process. Reviewers should not consider manuscripts in which they have conflicts of interest resulting from the collaborative, competitive, or other relationships or connection with any of the authors, companies, or institutions connected to a specific manuscript.
In scientific publications, each journal must follow publication ethics in letter and spirit, similarity, the IJVS is following the best practice guidance of the Committee on Publication Ethics. All submitted articles will undergo a Similarity Index checking process using Turnitin or any other appropriate software. Turnitin checks submissions against millions of published articles, and billions of web contents. Authors can use Turnitin to screen their work before submission. If the total Similarity Index is >19% or any single source has similarity index >5%, the manuscript is liable to be rejected.
The IJVS has double blind review policy. The Editorial Board will send manuscript to two external reviewers. Editor-in-Chief will approve paper on advice of those reviewers. The journal’s management will always try to get the submitted manuscript reviewed as early as possible. Usually, reviewers are requested to complete the review as early as possible; however, delay in the review process will not be on the part of the IJVS management. If all processes from complete submission to revision go smoothly, then 6-8 weeks are required to reach a conclusion (Acceptance/Rejection).
Authors while preparing their manuscript for submission to the International Journal of Veterinary Science must ensure that category manuscript has written on the upper left-hand corner of the title page as Review Article/Research Article/Short Communication/Case Report or Clinical Article.

Review Articles are mostly invited. Before writing/submission, authors must get consent of the Editor-in-Chief by sending your title, abstract along with your brief CV. The Review Article must be related to animal health, diseases, and production. These articles must digest appropriate published literature, especially from the last 10-15 years and ¼ of these references must comprised of from the last five years. References of books be avoided as book is already a review. An abstract not exceeding 250 words be added. Abstract be followed by 4-6 keywords (indexing terms). These articles must contain an introduction, text with appropriate headings and a conclusion. Introduction should elucidate the importance of the subject; the text should be comprehensive and meticulous.

Research Articles must be prepared comprehensively. There must be an abstract that must not exceed 250 words and must include a brief account of the objectives of the study, methodology, salient findings, and main conclusion. Abstract be followed by 4-6 keywords (indexing terms). The main manuscript may be divided into sections like: Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Discussion, Conclusion, Acknowledgment (if any), Author’s contribution and References. Combining Results and Discussion under one heading in Original full-length article is discouraged.

Short Communication is usually a brief account of a research project that is in progress. Thus, it must be brief, not more than 2500-3000 words including all aspects. It must contain an Abstract of about 150 words comprised of a brief account of the objectives of the study, methodology, salient findings, and conclusion. Abstract be followed by 3-4 keywords (indexing terms). Other headings could be “Introduction” “Materials and Methods” and “Results and Discussion”. Tables and Figures must not exceed 4-5 in total.

Case Report/Clinical Article must have an Abstract of about 150 words and not exceed about 2500-3000 words including up to 15-20 references. It may include the following sections: Introduction (explaining why the case is being reported, with references where necessary to previous reports), History, Clinical Examination and Postmortem Findings of the case if applicable, Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis, Treatment adopted, Discussion and References. Tables and Figures must not exceed 4-5 in total.

Manuscript completed in all respects be submitted directly to the Editor-in-Chief/Editor ( for quick publication processes. Following files/documents are required at the time of submission: 1) Manuscript (MS Word or compatible) and 2) List of potential reviewers.
Potential reviewers: At the time of submission, names of at least three potential reviewers (their designation, institute/University, official postal address, telephone, official e-mail address) must be provided on a separate sheet/file. Among these, two proposed reviewers must be from technologically advanced countries.
Preparation of the Manuscript: Manuscript must be prepared in English language. It must be clear and concise. All the manuscripts must comply with the journal instructions. Failure to do so will result in rejection/return of manuscript and delaying the publication process. We ensure quick publication processes; therefore, the authors’ cooperation is highly appreciated in this regard. Manuscript preferably be prepared in MS Word following the following specifications:

i) i) Use A4 size paper with 1? margin on each side with 1.5 spacing.
ii) ii) All pages must be numbered in the upper/lower right corner and line-numbered continuously.
iii) iii) Time New Roman (font) and font size 12 be used in the preparation of the manuscript.

Title Page: This page be comprised of

i) i) The title of the manuscript must be complete, comprehensive and must denote the essence of the work.
ii) ii) Write on the upper left corner of the title page category of the article such as Review Article, Research Article, Short Communication, Case Report or Clinical Article.
iii) iii) Each author’s affiliation must be provided and identified using numeric superscript. The corresponding author’s name must be indicated with asterisk and his/her email be written in other line than that of author’s addresses.
iv) Novelty statement: In 2-3 sentences explain what the novelty of the study has.

Abstracts, Keywords, and other headings must start from the next page.

References Format
The IJVS encourages the use of EndNote software (is a commercial reference management software package, used to manage bibliographies and references when writing essays and articles) for writing references. Only references closely related to the author’s work are allowed for citation.

Citations to the journal’s articles should be cited in the text as: Tharwat (2024) or (Tharwat 2024), Rasheed and Du (2023) or (Rasheed and Du 2023), Du et al. (2023) or (Du et al. 2023). Name of all authors be written, and name of the Journal be written in full. Authors are encouraged to write DOI of each cited article. The list of references at the end of manuscript must be arranged alphabetically and each reference in the list should appear in the following form:

Reference to a journal publication:
Du XX, Gul ST, Ahmad L, Hussain R and Khan A, 2023. Fowl typhoid: Present scenario, diagnosis, prevention, and control measures. International Journal of Agriculture and Biosciences 12(3): 172-179.
Rasheed M and Du XX, 2023. Unveiling behavioral responses of wild animals: insights from domestication in the face of anthropogenic change. Agrobiological Records 13: 34-43.
Tharwat M, 2024. Fundamentals of diagnostic ultrasound in dromedary camel medicine. International Journal of Veterinary Science 13(1): 1-6.

Reference to a book/book chapter:
Dobromylskyj M, 2023. Anatomic Pathology for Veterinary Clinicians. 5M Books Ltd, Essex, UK.
Haque MA, Khan A and He C, 2021. Chapter # 21: Feed-Borne Bacillus Cereus: An Emerging Threat to Food Chain Related Hazard, Safety and Pathogenic Potentiality. In: Veterinary Pathobiology and Public Health. Abbas RZ and Khan A (eds), Unique Scientific Publishers, Faisalabad, Pakistan, pp: 251-269.
Saar R and Sarah D, 2024. Small Animal Microbiomes and Nutrition. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, USA.
Swar SO, 2023. Plastics and Microbiome: Impacts and Solutions. In: Khan A, Abbas RZ, Aguilar-Marcelino L, Saeed NM and Younus M (eds), One Health Triad, Unique Scientific Publishers, Faisalabad, Pakistan, Vol. I, pp: 228-232.

Simmonds (2018) explained in detail about the use of animals for research purpose and what bioethics have to be followed. For more detail read the article available at this link. Furthermore, oversight of animal use in biomedical activities has also been compiled by AAALAC International (AAALAC International 2015).
Implementation of ethical programs for the care and use of animals in biomedical activities requires buy-in from all members of an institution, from the highest-ranking administrators to the animal care and research staff. The achievement of an ethical, legally compliant, and high-quality animal care and use program is in the self-interest of the institution, as well as those individuals who care for and use the animals. High-quality animal care and use will maximize the quality of the research results, which, in turn, will maximize the prestige of the institution, reputation of the animal users, and likely job satisfaction for the animal care and use staffs. All individuals involved in biomedical activities should, at least, believe in their own minds that what they are doing meets their own sense of what is right, moral, and ethical.
Manuscripts submitted for publication must contain a statement to the effect that all human and animal studies have been approved by the appropriate ethics committee/ institutional review board and have, therefore, been performed in accordance with the ethical standards laid down in the 1964 Declaration of Helsinki and its later amendments.

All the figures and tables must be referred to in the text where appropriate. Illustrations, graphs, photographs must be named as Figures; identified by Arabic numerals like Fig. 1, Fig. 2, etc…. The figures be supplied as digitized in “.JPG or .JPEG or .JPE or .TIF or .TIFF with at least 300 dpi. Tables must be identified by Arabic numerals like Table 1, Table 2, etc… and must not exceed one page (A4 size) and be arranged after the reference section, however, must be separated. Though we have provided guidelines for the preparation of the manuscript, yet you can follow format of the References, Tables and Figures presented in the Volume 12, Issue 2, 2024 of the IJVS available at
The Proofs of accepted pages are sent to the Corresponding Author for proof-reading. Authors are requested to return the proofs within 72 hours. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to carry out the proof-reading. For any mistake(s) left in the manuscript, management of the IJVS will not be responsible. When the manuscript is published online, after that only mistakes will be published in the form of a corrigendum.
Reprints: No reprints will be supplied to authors. All articles are published with Open Access, hence freely available under Archive of the IJVS website (, thus, can be downloaded without any cost/permission.
Conflicts of interest (COIs) if any, may cause wrongdoing and make it more likely. Ethical standards in academic publishing exist to avoid and deal with COIs. Standards vary between journals and are unevenly applied. According to the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors, “authors have a responsibility to evaluate the integrity, history, practices and reputation of the journals to which they submit manuscripts”. COIs increase the likelihood of biases arising; they can harm the quality of research and the public good (even if disclosed). COIs can involve research sponsors, authors, journals, journal’s staff, publishers, and peer reviewers.
On acceptance of the manuscript, the author (s) must sign the copyright form. As regards the transfer of rights, the corresponding author is responsible on behalf of all authors. The submitted manuscripts are published on the understanding that all the authors are aware of the contents and are agreed on the submission of the manuscript to International Journal of Veterinary Science
The Management of the International Journal of Veterinary Science strongly believes on Open Access Policy, therefore, after publication, all contents are freely available to everybody without any cost/permission. However, each accepted manuscript is liable for following APCs with effect from January 10, 2024:

i) APCs up to 6 Printed Pages: US$ 400
ii) Over and above 06 printed pages: US$ 30/Printed page

These publication charges are meager to cover the cost of web hosting and maintenance, peer review process, administration and management, professional production of articles, and dissemination of published papers to various corners in addition to other publishing functions. Publication charges are payable after acceptance.

The International Journal of Veterinary Science administration/publisher are trying to build research abilities/resources for authors from underdeveloped and developing countries. The Editorial Board foresees that some authors do not have access to funds to cover APCs, therefore, accept partial payment where limited funds are available. No payment information is requested before an article is accepted, so the ability to pay cannot affect editorial decision. Requests for waivers and discounts will be considered using the following criteria, i) Whether there was external funding for the research for any of the authors, and ii) Whether the authors could contribute from their own personal accounts.
In recognition of reviewers’ support, any reviewer that returns a full review on time can receive a 25% discount on the article publication charges for a paper for which they are the corresponding author, if submitted within 12 months of completing the review.
We do not offer refunds for open access articles once have been published.

We do not offer refunds for open access articles once have been published.

The International Journal of Veterinary Science provides online access to articles published (through its platform) free of charge to the end-user and that is re-usable. By default, we publish these articles under a Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC 4.0) license that allows reuse subject only to the use being non-commercial and to the article being fully attributed ( IJVS makes all open access articles freely available on from the date of publication. These articles are still protected by copyright but are made available under Creative Commons. For all research articles except those funded by an organization that mandates CC-BY, the IJVS license allows reuse with complete citation of the origin of the article for non-commercial use only. For commercial use, our normal permissions policy applies.
Library Use
Specific permission from the International Journal of Veterinary Science is not required at any time after publication for photocopying journal articles or sections of articles for teachers/students/researchers use if the following conditions are met:

i) The library subscribes to the journal. [contact Editor, IJVS for your library subscription]
ii) Copying is done at the request of the teachers/students/researchers.
iii) A copyright notice appears on the first page of each copy.

Libraries in non-educational and commercial institutions or libraries transacting interlibrary loans may apply for paid permission to photocopy the IJVS articles through emailing us (Editor, IJVS).

Custom Reprints
You may obtain high quality, bound versions of individual International Journal of Veterinary Science articles suitable for professional use or display in a portfolio. Reprints may be ordered in multiples of 50. To order reprints, contact Editor, IJVS.

Disallowed Use
Permission is never granted for use of International Journal of Veterinary Science for endorsements, implied or otherwise, of products or services, or to use contents as part of advertisements or advertising supplements. Rights for some IJVS articles may be reverted to the authors. International Journal of Veterinary Science reserves the right to redirect any inquiry regarding an IJVS article to the corresponding author for final disposition.

It is a general principle of scholarly publications, the Editor/Editor-in-Chief of the journal is solely and independently responsible for deciding among the submitted articles to the journal shall be published. In making this decision the Editor/Editor-in-Chief is guided by policies of the journal’s Editorial Board and constrained by such legal requirements in force regarding defamation, copyright violation and plagiarism. An outcome of this principle is the importance of the scholarly archive as a permanent, historic record of the scholarly publication. Articles that have been published shall remain extant, exact and unaltered as far as is possible. However, very occasionally circumstances may arise where an article is published that must later be retracted or even removed.

Article Withdrawal
This clause of the policy is valid only for In-Press Articles which represent early versions of articles and sometimes contain errors or may have been accidentally submitted twice. Occasionally, but less frequently, the articles may represent infringements of professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like.

Article Retraction
This clause of the policy applies on the published (In-Press/Archive) papers in the International Journal of Veterinary Science those found violating professional ethical codes, such as multiple submission, bogus claims of authorship, plagiarism, fraudulent use of data or the like. The retraction of an article by its authors or the editor under the advice of members of the scholarly community has long been an occasional feature of the learned world. Standards for dealing with retractions have been developed by a number of library and scholarly bodies, and this best practice is adopted for article retraction by the IJVS. A retraction note titled “Retraction: [article title]” signed by the authors and/or the editor is published in the paginated part of a subsequent issue of the journal and listed in the contents list. In the electronic version, a link is made to the original article. The online article is preceded by a screen containing the retraction note. It is to this screen that the link resolves; the reader can then proceed to the article itself. The original article is retained unchanged save for a watermark on the (.pdf) indicating on each page that it is “retracted.”

Article Removal: Legal limitations
In an extremely limited number of cases, it may be necessary to remove an article from the online database. This will only occur where the article is clearly defamatory, or infringes others’ legal rights, or where the article is, or we have good reason to expect it will be, the subject of a court order, or where the article, if acted upon, might pose a serious health risk. In these circumstances, while the metadata (Title and Authors) will be retained, the text will be replaced with a screen indicating the article has been removed for legal reasons.

Corrigendum can be issued if any major error/mistake is found in text/tables/figures of the manuscript. Changes in sequence of Authors, addition/deletion of authors are not allowed after acceptance, nor corrigendum will be issued for changes in sequence of Authors, corresponding Author(s) and their affiliations.

Modified: January 07, 2024